Yesterday’s murder at Pentonville comes as little surprise given the substantial rise in violence at the troubled local prison over recent years. Government data shows a sharp rise in serious prisoner on prisoner assaults from less than one a month to one every ten days.
Recent years have seen alarming trends in prisoner on prisoner assaults in general at the ‘Ville, at over one a day in 2014 now down a little to just under one a day.
Over the last 14 years report after report has condemned the regime at Pentonville. As far back as 2002 the Chief Inspector of Prisons said:
‘it is not acceptable to hold prisoners in conditions which fall so far short of standards of decency and activity.’
The reports go on and on (assembled into a single folder here). The prison has had profound management and startling allegations of staff corruption problems over the years.
The prison system as a whole is suffering terribly as several forces come to bear. There aren’t enough prison places, there isn’t enough money, the estate is too old, the courts keep sending people to prison (instead of using non-custodial sentences in sufficient volume to reduce the population) and ‘legal highs’ appear to be causing problems. Lord Carter recommended building new super prisons – there were well intentioned custodial reasons for turning these down, but Carter had sufficient experience/cyncicism to see that no other solution would arise and his were the lesser of two evils.
It’s the older prisons like Pentonville that will feel these pressures the worst. In 2014 Sadiq Kahn, then Shadow Justice Secretary said:
“The true scale of the growing crisis in the country’s prisons is revealed by the government’s own data. Violence is up, deaths in custody are up and the number of prisoners going on the run is up. The government is trying to hide the sheer scale of the failings in the ministry of justice from the public by trying to pretend there’s not a problem, let alone a crisis,”
The time has surely come to close Pentonville (as local Councillors have been saying since 2010) and build a new facility appropriate for the modern age. Perhaps the Mayor and Islington Council can catalyse things by putting forward a development outline for the site.